Somatic mutations in BRAF have been found in up to 10% of all NSCLC, more common in adenocarcinomas. The G464V mutation results in an amino acid substitution within the highly conserved motif of the kinase domain. This specific mutation is a low frequency cancer-associated variant classified as an intermediate activity mutant that moderately increases ERK activation and can transform cells. The predictive significance of this mutation needs further study. Clinical correlation is recommended.