|Amino Acid Change||Y30_I35del|
|Transcript ID (GRCh37/hg19)||ENST00000349496|
|Tumor Type||Primary Site|
The cytoplasmic b-catenin protein is implicated as a cell-cell adhesion regulator coupled with cadherin and is considered as a member in the wingless/Wnt signal transduction pathway. Mutations in CTNNB1, the gene encoding b-catenin, tend to impact or even eliminate APC-dependent serine and threonine phosphorylation sites in exon 3, resulting in oncogenic stabilization of the protein. Mutations in the b-catenin gene are uncommon in NSCLC occurring in about 1-4% of the cases. This particular variant has not been described lung adenocarcinomas but is located in a hotspot, thus likely to be oncogenic. Clinical correlation is recommended.
SMC3 is a member of the cohesin complex and has been found to be mutated in approximately 1% of acute myeloid leukemia and 1% myelodysplastic syndromes. The mutations of SMC3 described tend to be missense mutations that occur throughout the gene. Mutations of the various members of the cohesin complex appear to occur in a mutually exclusive manner. Cases of AML with mutations of the cohesin complex may be associated with mutations of NPM1. Currently there does not appear to be any clear prognosistic impact of cohesin complex gene mutations in AML. Cohesin complex mutations are associated with an unfavorable prognosis in myelodysplastic syndrome, and are more frequently found in patients with high IPSS scores and secondary acute myeloid leukemia.